Resources by Blueprint Focal Area

This page lists reports of quality improvement efforts and background materials for each of the 11 focal areas addressed in the Blueprint for Action. Also see our full bibliography of resources for leading change.

Note: “Online Source” indicates that the resource is available online without charge. A cost-free registration may be required for access to some items with this designation.

Jump to:

Performance measurement and leveraging of results

Berenson RA. Moving payment from volume to value: what role for performance measurement? Washington, DC: Urban Institute, December 2010.
(Online Source)

Bingham D. Setting perinatal quality and safety goals: should we strive for best outcomes? Midwifery 2010;26(5):483-84.

Dodwell M, Newburn M. Normal birth as a measure of the quality of care. London: National Childbirth Trust, 2010.
(Online Source)

Faber M, Bosch M, Wollersheim H et al. Public reporting in health care: how do consumers use quality-of-care information? Med Care 2009;47(1):1-8.

Ginsburg M, Glasmire K, Center for Healthcare Decisions. Consumers’ priorities for hospital quality improvement and implications for public reporting. Oakland, CA: California Healthcare Foundation, April 2011.
(Online Source)

Giordano LA, Elliott MC, Goldstein E, et al. Development, implementation, and public reporting of the HCAHPS survey. Med Care Res Rev 2010;67(1):27-37.

Gregory KD, Fridman M, Shah S et al. Global measures of quality- and patient safety-related childbirth outcomes: should we monitor adverse or ideal rates? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2009;200(6):681.e1-7.

Hibbard JH. What can we say about the impact of public reporting? Inconsistent execution yields variable results. Ann Int Med 2008;148(2):160-61.

Hibbard JH, Greene J, Daniel D. What is quality anyway? Performance reports that clearly communicate to consumers the meaning of quality of care. Med Care Res Rev 2010;67(3):275-93.

Hibbard JH, Jewett JJ. Will quality report cards help consumers? Health Aff 1997;16(3):218-28.

Hibbard JH, Peters E. Supporting informed consumer health care decisions: data presentation approaches that facilitate the use of information in choice. Annu Rev Public Health 2003;24:413-33.

Hibbard JH, Peters, Dixon A et al. Consumer competencies and the use of comparative quality information: it isn’t just about literacy. Med Care Res Rev 2007;64(4):379-94.

Hibbard JH, Sofaer S, Jewett JJ. Condition-specific performance information: assessing salience, comprehension, and approaches for communicating quality. Health Care Financing Rev 1996;18(1):95-109.

Hibbard JH, Stockard J, Tusler M. Hospital performance reports: impact on quality, market share, and reputation. Health Aff 2005;24(4):1150-60.

Hibbard JH, Stockard J, Tusler. It isn’t just about choice: the potential of a public performance report to affect the public image of hospitals. Med Care Res Rev 2005;62(3):358-71.

Highsmith N, Lind A, Mahadevan R, Center for Health Care Strategies, Inc. Building bridges among the National Quality Forum, Medicaid, and other state stakeholders. National Quality Forum, February 2011.
(Online Source, PDF)

Institute of Medicine, Board on Population Health and Public Health, Committee on Public Health Strategies to Improve Health. For the public’s health: the role of measurement in action and accountability. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2011.
(Online Source)

James BC, Savitz LA. How Intermountain trimmed health care costs through robust quality improvement efforts. Health Aff 2011. Published online ahead of print.

Jewett JJ, Hibbard JH. Comprehension of quality care indicators: differences among privately insured, publicly insured, and uninsured. Health Financ Rev 1996;18(1):75-94.

The Joint Commission. Perinatal care.
(Online Source)

Maher MM, Queram, C. In support of regional healthcare improvement: Recommendations for the National Quality Forum from Community Alliances. National Quality Forum, January 2011.
(Online Source, PDF)

Main EK. New perinatal quality measures from the National Quality Forum, the Joint Commission and the Leapfrog Group. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2009;21(6):532-40.

Main E, Oshiro B, Chagolla B et al. Elimination of non-medically indicated (elective) deliveries before 39 weeks gestational age. San Francisco: March of Dimes, July 2010.
(Online Source)

McGee J, Kanouse DE, Sofaer S et al. Making survey results easy toreport to consumers: how reporting needs guided survey design in CAHPS Consumer Assessment of Health Plans study. Med Care 1999;37(3 suppl):MS32-40.

Millenson ML. Fixing the failure at Physician Compare. Kaiser Health News January 27, 2011.
(Online Source)

National Quality Forum. Closing the disparities gap in healthcare quality with performance measurement and public reporting. Issue Brief 2008;10(August).
(Online Source)

National Quality Forum. National voluntary consensus standards for perinatal care 2008: A Consensus Report. Washington, DC: NQF, 2008.
(Online Source, abridged report)

National Quality Forum. Perinatal and reproductive health endorsement maintenance: Technical report. Washington, DC: NQF, 2012.
(Online Source)

Peters E, Dieckmann N, Dixon A et al. Less is more in presenting quality information to consumers. Med Care Res Rev 2007;64(2):169-90.

Romano PS, Hussey P, Ritley D. Selecting quality and resource use measures: a decision guide for community quality collaboratives. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2010.
(Online Source)

Ross JS, Sheth S, Krumholz HM. State-sponsored public reporting of hospital quality: results are hard to find and lack uniformity. Health Aff 2010;29(12):2317-22.

Kesmodel US, Jølving LR. Measuring and improving quality in obstetrics: the implementation of national indicators in Denmark. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2011 Jan 25 [ePub ahead of print]

Schneider ED, Hussey PS, Schnyer C. Payment reform: analysis of models and performance measurement implications. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2011.
(Online Source)

Shaw G. Patient experience: help wanted. HealthLeaders: October 2010.
(Online Source)

Sofaer S, Firminger K. Pateint perceptions of the quality of health services. Annu Rev Public Health 2005;26:513-59.

Payment reform to align incentives with quality

Knowledge in Systematic Reviews

Alshamsan R , Majeed A, Ashworth M, Car J, Millett C. Impact of pay for performance on inequalities in health care: systematic review. J Health Serv Res Policy. 2010;15:178-184.

Giuffrida A, Gosden T, Forland F, Kristiansen I, Sergison M, Leese B, Pedersen L, Sutton M. Target payments in primary care: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Gosden T, Forland F, Kristiansen IS, Sutton M, Leese B, Giuffrida A, Sergison M, Pedersen L. Capitation, salary, fee-for-service and mixed systems of payment: effects on the behavior of primary care physicians. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Van Herck P, De Smedt D, Annemans L, Remmen R, Rosenthal M, Sermeus W. Systematic review: effects, design choices,  and context of pay-for-performance in health care. BMC Health Services Research. 2010;10(247).
(Online Source)

Other Policy and Practice Reports

Audit Commission. Reducing spending on low clinical value treatments [Health briefing]. London, UK: Milbank, April 2011.
(Online Source, PDF)

Bailit M, Phillips K, Long A. Safety Net Medical Home Initiative. Paying for the medical home: Payment models to support patient-centered medical home transformation in the safety net. Seattle, WA: Bailit Health Purchasing and Qualis Health, October 2010.
(Online Source)

Bentley TGK, Effros RM, Palar K et al. Waste in the U.S. health care system: A conceptual framework. Milbank Quarterly 2008;86(4):629-59.

Berenson RA. Moving payment from volume to value: what role for performance measurement? Washington, DC: Urban Institute, December 2010.
(Online Source)

Center for Healthcare Quality and Payment Reform. Paths to payment reform. [Policy briefs on shared savings, optimal payment strategies, medical homes, setting payment levels, and other topics]
(Online Source)

Dudley RA, Frolich A, Robinowitz DL et al. Strategies to support quality-based purchasing: a review of the evidence. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2004.
(Online Source)

Dudley RA, Tseng C-W, Bozic K et al. Consumer financial incentives: a decision guide for purchaser. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2007.
(Online Source)

Guterman S, Drake H. Developing innovative payment approaches: finding the path to high performance. The Commonwealth Fund Commission on a High Performance Health System Issue Brief June 2010.
(Online Source)

Guterman S, Shih A. Achieving the vision: payment reform. In: Crosson FJ, Tollen LA, eds. Partners in health: how physicians and hospitals can be accountable together. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2010.

Health2 Resources. Better to best: Value-driving elements of the patient centered medical home and accountable care organizations. Washington, DC: Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, March 2011.
(Online Source)

Hussey PS, Sorbero ME, Mehrotra A et al. Episode-based performance measurement and payment: making it a reality. Health Aff 2009;28(5):1406-17.
(Online Source)

Lake Research Partners on behalf of Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Talking with physicians about improving payment and reimbursement: Key communications findings from interviews and a national survey with primary care physicians. Princeton: Aligning Forces for Quality, April 2011.
(Online Source)

Lake Research Partners on behalf of Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Talking about health care payment reform with U.S. Consumers: Key communications findings from focus groups. Princeton: Aligning Forces for Quality, April 2011.
(Online Source)

Landon BE, Reschovsky JD, Pham HH et al. Creating a parsimonious typology of physician financial incentives. Health Serv Outcomes Res Methodology 2009;9(4):213-33.
(Online Source)

James BC, Savitz LA. How Intermountain trimmed health care costs through robust quality improvement efforts. Health Aff 2011. Published online ahead of print.

Merrell K, Berenson RA. Structuring payment for medical homes. Health Aff 2010;29(5):852-58.

Miller HD. How to create accountable care organizations. Center for Healthcare Quality & Payment Reform, September 2009.
(Online Source, PDF, requires Adobe Acrobat Reader 8.0 or higher)

Miller HD. Making reform a reality: ways to facilitate better healthcare payment and delivery systems and lower healthcare costs. Network for Regional Healthcare Improvement, June 2010.
(Online Source, PDF, requires Adobe Acrobat Reader 8.0 or higher)

Miller HD. Transitioning to accountable care. Center for Healthcare Quality & Payment Reform, January 2011.
(Online Source, PDF, requires Adobe Acrobat Reader 8.0 or higher)

Pham HH, Ginsburg PG, Lake TK et al. Episode-based payments: charting a course for health care payment reform. National Institute for Health Care Reform, Policy Analysis 2010 January;1:1-16.
(Online Source)

Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, Payment Reform Task Force. Payment reform to support high-performing practice. Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, July 2010.
(Online Source)

Robinow A. The potential of global payment: insights from the field. New York: The Commonwealth Fund, February 2010.
(Online Source)

Schneider ED, Hussey PS, Schnyer C. Payment reform: analysis of models and performance measurement implications. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2011.
(Online Source)

Simpson KR. Financial disincentives for nonperformance in obstetrics. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2009;34(5):332.

Tracy SK, Tracy MB. Costing the cascade: estimating the cost of increased obstetric intervention in childbirth using population data. BJOG 2003;110(8):717-24.

Disparities in access and outcome of maternity care

Beach MC, Cooper LA, Robinson KA et al. Strategies for improving minority healthcare quality. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2004.
(Online Source)

Bella M, Corrigan J, Davis K et al. Medicaid: a future leader in effective, high-quality care. Policy & Issue Brief December 2008.
(Online Source)

Blumenshine P, Egerter S, Barclay CJ et al. Socioeconomic disparities in adverse birth outcomes: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med 2010;39(3):263-72.

The Commonwealth Fund. Health care disparities.
(Online Source)

Gagnon AJ, Zimbeck M, Zeitlin J et al. Migration to western industrialized countries and perinatal health: a systematic review. Soc Sci Med 2009;69(6):934-46.

Hibbard JH, Greene J, Becker ER et al. Racial/ethnic disparities and consumer activation in health. Health Aff 2008;27(5):1442-53.

Institute of Medicine, Committee on Understanding and Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Unequal treatment: understanding racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Washington DC: National Academies Press, 2003.
(Online Source)

The Joint Commission. “What did the doctor say?”: Improving health literacy to protect patient safety. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission, 2007.
(Online Source, PDF)

Kaiser Family Foundation. Medicaid/CHIP.
(Online Source)

Kaiser Family Foundation. Minority health.
(Online Source)

King JS, Eckman MH, Moulton BW. The potential of shard decision making to reduce health disparities. J Law Med Ethics 2011;39(1 supplement): 30-33.

Lu MC, Kotelchuck M, Hogan VK et al. Innovative strategies to reduce disparities in the quality of prenatal care in underresourced settings. Med Care Res Rev 2010;67(5 supplement):198S-230S.

Markus AR, Rosenbaum S. The role of Medicaid in promoting access to high-quality, high-value maternity care. Womens Health Issues 2010;20(1 supplement):S67-S78.
(Online Source)

National Quality Forum. A comprehensive framework and preferred practices for measuring and reporting cultural competency. Washington DC: NQF, April 2009.
(Online Source, abridged report)

Ranji U, Salganicoff A, Steward AM et al. State Medicaid coverage of perinatal services: summary of state survey findings. Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation, November 2009.
(Online Source)

Ulmer C, McFadden B, Nerenz DR, eds. Subcommittee on Standardized Collection of Race/Ethnicity Data for Healthcare Quality Improvement. Race, ethnicity, and language data: standardization for health care quality improvement. Washington DC: National Academies Press, 2009.
(Online Source)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Maternal,infant and child health. In: Healthy People 2010 midcourse review. Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006.

Wilson-Stronks A, Galvez E. Hospitals, language, and culture: a snapshot of the nation: exploring cultural and linguistic services in the nation’s hospitals: a report of findings. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission, 2007.
(Online Source, PDF)

Wilson-Stronks A, Lee KK, Cordero CL et al. One size does not fit all: meeting the health care needs of diverse populations. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission, 2008.
(Online Source, PDF)

Improved functioning of the liability system

Boothman RC, Blackwell AC, Campbell DA et al. 2009. A better approach to medical malpractice claims? The University of Michigan experience. J Health Life Sci Law 2009;2(1):125–59.

Chauhan SP, Chauhan VB, Cowan BD et al. Professional liability claims and Central Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists members: myth versus reality. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005;192(6):1820–26.

Clark SL, Belfort MA, Byrum SL et al. Improved outcomes, fewer cesarean deliveries, and reduced litigation: results of a new paradigm in patient safety. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008;199(2):105.e1–105.e7.

Green JA. Minimizing malpractice risks by role clarification: the confusing transition from tort to contract. Ann Int Med 1988;109(3):234-41.

Grunebaum A, Chervenak F, Skupski D. Effect of a comprehensive obstetric patient safety program on compensation payments and sentinel events. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2011;204(2):97-105.

Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Health care at the crossroads: strategies for improving the medical liability system and preventing patient injury. Chicago: JCAHO, 2005.
(Online Source)

King JS, Moulton B. Rethinking informed consent: the case for shared medical decision-making. Am J Law Med 2006;32(4):429-501.

Knox GE, Simpson KR. Perinatal high reliability. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011;2004(5):373-7.
(Online Source, PDF)

Mello MM, Studdert DM. Deconstructing negligence: the role of individual and system factors in causing medical injuries. Georgetown Law J 2008;96(2):599–623.

Simpson KR, Kortz CC, Knox GE. A comprehensive perinatal patient safety program to reduce preventable adverse outcomes and costs of liability claims. Joint Commission J Qual Patient Safety 2009;35(11):565–74.

Scope of covered services for maternity care

Knowledge in Systematic Reviews

Britton C, McCormick FM, Renfrew MJ, Wade A, King SE. Support for breastfeeding mothers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007, Issue 1.
(Online Source, summary)

Ciliska D, Mastrilli P, Ploeg J, Hayward S, Brunton G, Underwood J. The effectiveness of home visiting as a delivery strategy for public health nursing interventions to clients in the prenatal and postnatal period: a systematic review. Prim Health Care Res Dev. 2001;2:41-54.

Couto de Oliveria MI, Bastos Camancho LA, Tedstone AE. Extending breastfeeding duration through primary care: a systematic review of prenatal and postnatal interventions. J Hum Lact. 2001;17(4):326-43.

Demott K, Bick D, Norman R, Ritchie G, Turnbull N, Adams C, et al. Clinical guidelines and evidence review for post natal care: routine post natal care of recently delivered women and their babies. London: National Collaborating Centre for Primary Care and Royal College of General Practitioners, 2006.
(Online Source)

Dowswell T, Carroli G, Duley L, Gates S, Gülmezoglu AM, Khan-Neelofur D, Piaggio GGP. Alternative versus standard packages of antenatal care for low-risk pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010, Issue 10.
(Online Source, summary)

Dyson L, McCormick F, Renfrew MJ. Interventions for promoting the initiation of breastfeeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005, Issue 2.
(Online Source, summary)

Elkan R, Kendrick D, Hewitt M, Robinson JJA, Tolley K, Blair M, Dewey M, Williams D, Brummell K. The effectiveness of domiciliary health visiting: a systematic review of international studies and a selective review of the British literature. Health Technol Assess. 2000;4(13):1-339.
(Online Source, PDF)

Fairbank L, O’Meara S, Renfrew MJ, Woolridge M., Sowden AJ, Lister-Sharp D. A systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to promote the initiation of breastfeeding. Health Technol Assess. 2000;4(25):1-169.
(Online Source, PDF)

Gagnon AJ, Sandall J. Individual or group antenatal education for childbirth or parenthood or both. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Gruen RL, Weeramanthri TS, Knight SE, Bailie RS. Specialist outreach clinics in primary care and rural hospital settings. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004, Issue 1.
(Online Source, summary)

Guise JM, Palda V, Westhoff C, Chan BKS, Helfand M, Lieu TA. The effectiveness primary care-based interventions to promote breastfeeding: systematic evidence review and meta-analysis for the US Preventative Services Task Force. Ann Fam Med. 2003;1(2):70-78.
(Online Source)

Hodnett ED, Downe S, Walsh D, Weston J. Alternative versus conventional institutional settings for birth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010, Issue 9.
(Online Source, summary)

Hodnett ED, Gates S, Hofmeyr GJ, Sakala C. Continuous support for women during childbirth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Koehn ML. Childbirth education outcomes: an integrative review of the literature. J Perinat Educ. 2002;11(3):10-19.
(Online Source)

Korenbrot CC, Steinberg A, Bender C, Newberry S. Preconception care: a systematic review. Matern Child Health J. 2002;6(2):75-88.

Muthu V, Fischbacher C. Free-standing midwife-led maternity units: a safe and effective alternative to hospital delivery for low-risk women? Evidence-Based Healthcare Public Health. 2004;8(6):325-31.

Olsen O. Meta-analysis of the safety of home birth. Birth. 1997;24(1):4-13. [Discussion 14-16]

Renfrew M, Dyson L, Wallace L, D’Souza L, McCormick F, Spiby H.  The effectiveness of public health interventions to promote the duration of breastfeeding: systematic review, parts 1 and 2. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2005.
(Online Source, PDF)

Shaw E, Levitt C, Wog S, Kaczorowski J, McMaster University Postpartum Research Group. Systematic review of the literature on postpartum care: effectiveness of postpartum support to improve maternal parenting, mental health, quality of life, and physical health. Birth. 2006;33(3):210-20.

Shepperd S, Doll H, Angus RM, Clarke MJ, Iliffe S, Kalra L, Ricauda NA, Wilson AD. Hospital at home admission avoidance. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008, Issue 4.
(Online Source, summary)

Sikorski J, Renfrew MJ, Pinodoria S, Wade A. Support for breastfeeding mothers: a systematic review. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2003;17(4):404-17.

Stewart M, McCandish R, Henderson J, Brocklehurst P. Report of the structured review of birth centre outcomes. Oxford: National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, December 2004.
(Online Source, PDF)

Ukoumunne OC, Gulliford MC, Chinn S, Sterne JAC, Burney PGJ. Methods for evaluating area-wide and organisation-based interventions in health and health care: a systematic review. Health Technol Assess. 1999;3(5):1-98.
(Online Source, PDF)

Wade V, Karnon J, Elshaug A, Hiller J. A systematic review of economic analyses of telehealth services using real time video communication. BMC Health Services Research. 2010;10(233).
(Online Source, PDF)

Walsh D, Downe SM. Outcomes of free-standing, midwife-led birth centers: a structured review. Birth. 2004;31(3):222-29.

Other Policy and Practice Reports

Choudhry NK, Rosenthal MB, Milstein A. Assessing the evidence for value-based insurance design. Health Aff 2010;29(11)1988-94.

Fendrick AM, Sherman B, White D. Aligning incentives and systems: promoting synergy between value-based insurance design and the patient centered medical home. Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, 2010.
(Online Source)

Fendrick AM, Smith DG, Chernew ME. Applying value-based insurance design to low-value health services. Health Aff 2010;29(11):2017-21.

Ginsburg M. Value-based insurance design: consumers’ views on paying more for high-cost, low-value care. Health Aff 2010;29911):2022-26.

National Business Group on Health. Investing in maternal and child health: an employer’s toolkit. Washington DC: NBGH, 2007.
(Online Source)

Perceived health needs and receipt of services during pregnancy — Oklahoma and South Carolina, 2004-2007. MMWR 2010;59(23):710-14.
(Online Source)

Coordination of maternity care across time, settings, and disciplines

Knowledge in Systematic Reviews

Bunn F, Byrne G, Kendall S. Telephone consultation and triage: effects on health care use and patient satisfaction. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Gagnon M-P, Légaré F, Labrecque M, Frémont P, Pluye P, Gagnon J, Car J, Pagliari C, Desmartis M, Turcot L, Gravel K. Interventions for promoting information and communication technologies adoption in healthcare professionals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009, Issue 1.
(Online Source, summary)

van Walraven C, Oake N, Jennings A, Forester AJ. The association between continuity of care and outcomes: a systematic and critical review. J Eval Clin Pract. 2010;16(5);947-956.

Zwarenstein M, Goldman J, Reeves S. Interprofessional collaboration: effects of practice-based interventions on professional practice and healthcare outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Other Policy and Practice Reports

American College of Physicians. The patient-centered medical home neighbor: the interface of the patient-centered medical home with specialty/subspecialty practices: a position paper. Philadelphia: American College of Physicians, 2010.
(Online Source, PDF)

Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs. Health reform: what’s in it to promote the medical home? Washington DC: AMCHP, October 2010.
(Online Source, PDF)

Backer LA. The patient-centered medical home: still a work in progress. Fam Pract Manag 2010;17(5):30-35
(Online Source)

Bailit M, Phillips K, Long A. Safety Net Medical Home Initiative. Paying for the medical home: payment models to support patient-centered medical home transformation in the safety net. Seattle, WA: Bailit Health Purchasing and Qualis Health, October 2010.
(Online Source)

Bayless EA, Phillips WR, guest editors. Evaluation of the American Academy of Family Physicians’ patient-centered medical home national demonstration project. Ann Fam Med 2010;8(3 supplement):S1-S92 [with supplemental online documents].
(Online Source)

Buxbaum J. Making connections: Medicaid, CHIP, and Title V working together on state medical home initiatives. Portland, ME: National Academy for State Health Policy, September 2010.
(Online Source)

Crawford DA, Davies E, Studebaker Y et al. Designing a patient-centered medical home demonstration project: options and recommendations. Columbus, OH: Access HealthColumbus, March 2009.
(Online Source)

Health2 Resources. Better to best: Value-driving elements of the patient centered medical home and accountable care organizations. Washington, DC: Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, March 2011.
(Online Source)

Kaye N, Takach M. Building medical homes in state Medicaid and CHIP programs. Portland, ME: National Academy for State Health Policy, June 2009.
(Online Source)

McDonald KM, Sundaram V, Bravata DM et al. Care coordination. (Closing the quality gap: a critical analysis of quality improvement strategies, Technical Review 9.) Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, June 2007.
(Online Source)

Long A, Bailit M. Safety Net Medical Home Initiative. Health reform and the patient-centered medical home: policy provisions and expectations of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Seattle, WA: Bailit Health Purchasing and Qualis Health, October 2010.
(Online Source, PDF)

Merrell K, Berenson RA. Structuring payment for medical homes. Health Aff 2010;29(5):852-58.

National Quality Forum. Preferred practices and performance measures for measuring and reporting care coordination: a consensus report. Washington DC: NQF, 2010.
(Online Source, abridged report)

Patient-centered medical home special issue. Med Care Res Rev 2010;67(4):383-499.

Patient-centered medical home: special symposium. J Gen Int Med 2010;581-634.

Patient-centered medical homes. Health Aff, Health Policy Brief, September 14, 2010.
(Online Source)

Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative. Publications [numerous reports on patient-centered medical homes]
(Online Source)

Pham HH. Good neighbors: how will the patient-centered medical home relate to the rest of the health-care delivery system? J Gen Int Med 2010;25(6):630-34.

Van Dijk JW, Anderko L, Stetzer F. The impact of prenatal care coordination on birth outcomes. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2011;40(1):98-108.

Clinical controversies

Roberts RG, Deutchman M, King VJ et al. Changing policies on vaginal birth after cesarean: impact on access. Birth 2007;34(4):316-22.

Gamble J, Creedy DK, McCourt C et al. A critique of the literature on women’s request for cesarean section. Birth 34(4):331-40.

Goldenberg RL, McClure EM, Bhattacharya A et al. Women’s perceptions regarding the safety of births at various gestational ages. Obstet Gynecol 2009;114(6):1254-58.

Declercq ER, Sakala C, Corry MP, Applebaum S. Listening to Mothers II: report of the second national U.S. survey of women’s childbearing experiences. New York: Childbirth Connection, 2006.
(Online Source)

James BC, Savitz LA. How Intermountain trimmed health care costs through robust quality improvement efforts. Health Aff 2011. Published online ahead of print.

Johnson KC, Daviss BA. Outcomes of planned home births with certified professional midwives: large prospective study in North America. BMJ 2005;330(7505):1416.
(Online Source)

Kalish RB, McCullough L, Gupta M et al. Intrapartum elective cesarean delivery: a previously unrecognized clinical entity. Obstet Gynecol 2004;103(6):1137-41.

Keirse MJNC. Home birth: gone away, gone astray, here to stay. Birth 2010;37(4):341-46.

Kotaska A, Menticoglou S, Gagnon R et al. Vaginal delivery of breech presentation. Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada Practice Guideline #226, June 2009.
(Online Source, PDF)

Mercer BM, Gilbert S, Landon MB et al. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network. Labor outcomes with increasing number of prior vaginal births after cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol 2008;111(2 part 1):285-91.

National Childbirth Trust. Normal birth.
(Online Source)

Savage W. The rising caesarean section rate: a loss of obstetric skill? J Obstet Gynaecol 2007;27(4):339-46.

Silver RM, Landon MB, Rouse DJ et al. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network. Maternal morbidity associated with multiple repeat cesarean deliveries. Obstet Gynecol 2006;107(6):1226-32.

Simpson KR. Obstetric “conveniences”: elective induction of labor, cesarean birth on demand and other potentially unnecessary interventions. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 2005;19(2):134-44.

Simpson KR. Reconsideration of the costs of convenience: quality, operational, and fiscal strategies to minimize elective labor induction. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 2010;24(1):43-52.

Tita AT, Landon MB, Spong CY et al. Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Netowork. Timing of elective repeat cesarean delivery at term and neonatal outcomes. New Engl J Med 2009;360(2):111-20.
(Online Source)

Decision making and consumer choice

Knowledge in Systematic Reviews

Bankhead CR, Brett J, Bukach C, Webster P, Stewart-Brown S, Munafo M, Austoker J. The impact of screening on future health-promoting behaviours and health beliefs: a systematic review. Health Technol Assess. 2003;7(42);1-92.
(Online Source, PDF)

Bekker H, Thornton JG, Airey CM, Connelly JB, Hewison J, Robinson MB, Lilleyman J, MacIntosh M, Maule AJ, Michie S, Pearman AD. Informed decision making: an annotated bibliography and systematic review. Health Technol Assess. 1999;3(1):1-156.
(Online Source)

Bricker L, Garcia J, Henderson J, Mugford M, Neilson J, Roberts T, Martin M-A. Ultrasound screening in pregnancy: a systematic review of the clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and women’s views. Health Technol Assess. 2000;4(16):1-193.
(Online Source, PDF)

Crow R, Gage H, Hampson S, Hart J, Kimber A, Thomas H. The role of expectancies in the placebo effect and their use in the delivery of health care: a systematic review. Health Technol Assess. 1998;3(3):1-96.
(Online Source, PDF)

Crow R, Gage H, Hampson S, Hart J, Kimber A, Storey L, Thomas H. The measurement of satisfaction with healthcare: implications for practice from a systematic review of the literature. Health Technol Assess. 2002;6(32):1-244.
(Online Source, PDF)

Daykin N, Evans D, Petsoulas C, Sayers A. Evaluating the impact of patient and public involvement initiatives on UK health services: a systematic review. Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research Debate and Practice. 2007;3(1):47-65.

DiMatteo MR, Giordani PJ, Lepper HS, Croghan TW. Patient adherence and medical treatment outcomes: a meta-analysis. Med Care. 2002;40(9):794-811.

DiMatteo MR. Social support and patient adherence to medical treatment: a meta-analysis. Health Psychol. 2004;23(2):207-18.

Edwards A, Hood K, Matthews E, Russell D, Russell I, Barker J, Bloor M, Burnard P, Covey J, Pill R, Wilkinson C, Stott N. The effectiveness of one-to-one risk communication interventions in health care: a systematic review. Med Decis Making. 2000;20(3):290-7.

Edwards A, Unigwe W, Elwyn G, Hood K. Personalised risk communication for informed decision making about entering screening programs. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006, Issue 4.
(Online Source, summary)

Gilbody S, Wilson P, Watt I. Benefits and harms of direct to consumer advertising: a systematic review. Qual Saf Health Care. 2005;14(4):246-50.
(Online Source, PDF)

Grilli R, Ramsay C, Minozzi S. Mass media interventions: effects on health services utilisation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002, Issue 1.
(Online Source, summary)

Hall JA, Roter DL. Do patients talk differently to male and female physicians? A meta-analytic review. Patient Educ Couns. 2002;48(3):217-24. (Note: has separate analysis for ob-gyn settings.)

Haynes RB, Yao X, Degani A, Kripalani S, Garg A, McDonald HP. Interventions for enhancing medication adherence. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008, Issue 2.
(Online Source, summary)

Henderson A, Henderson S. Provision of a surgeon’s performance data for people considering elective surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010, Issue 11.
(Online Source, summary)

Heneghan CJ, Glasziou P, Perera R. Reminder packaging for improving adherence to self-administered long-term medications. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006, Issue 1.
(Online Source, summary)

Hodnett ED. Pain and women’s satisfaction with the experience of childbirth: a systematic review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002;186(5 suppl):S160-72.

Horey D, Weaver J, Russell H. Information for pregnant women about caesarean birth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004, Issue 1.
(Online Source, summary)

Hróbjartsson A, Gøtzsche PC. Placebo interventions for all clinical conditions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010, Issue 1.
(Online Source, summary)

Jepson R, Clegg A, Forbes C, Lewis R, Sowden A, Kleijnen J. The determinants of screening uptake and interventions for increasing uptake: a systematic review. Health Technol Assess. 2000;4(14):1-133.
(Online Source, PDF)

Jepson RG, Forbes CA, Sowden AJ, Lewis RA. Increasing informed uptake and non-uptake of screening: evidence from a systematic review. Health Expect.2001;4(2):116-26.Johnson A, Sandford J, Tyndall J. Written and verbal information versus verbal information only for patients being discharged from acute hospital settings to home. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003, Issue 4.
(Online Source, summary)

Mistiaen, P, Poot E. Telephone follow-up, initiated by a hospital-based health professional, for postdischarge problems in patients discharged from hospital to home. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Nilsen ES, Myrhaug HT, Johansen M, Oliver S, Oxman AD. Methods of consumer involvement in developing healthcare policy and research, clinical practice guidelines and patient information material. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010, Issue 1.
(Online Source, summary)

O’Connor AM, Stacey D, Entwistle V, Llewellyn-Thomas H, Rovner D, Holmes-Rovner M, Tait V, Tetroe J, Fiset V, Barry M, Jones J. Decision aids for people facing  health treatment or screening decisions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Oliver S, Clarke-Jones L, Rees R, Milne R, Buchanan P, Gabbay J, Gyte G, Oakley A, Stein K. Involving consumers in research and development agenda setting for the NHS: developing an evidence-based approach. Health Technol Assess. 2004;8(15):1-148.
(Online Source, PDF)

Oliver S, Dezateux C, Kavanagh J, Lempert T, Stewart R. Disclosing to parents newborn carrier status identified by routine blood spot screening. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004, Issue 4.
(Online Source, summary)

Petticrew MP, Sowden AJ, Lister-Sharp D, Wright K. False-negative results in screening programmes: systematic review of impact and implications. Health Technol Assess. 2000;4(5):1-60.
(Online Source, PDF)

Riemsma RP, Pattenden J, Bridle C, Sowden AJ, Mather L, Watt IS, Walker A. A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions based on a stages-of-change approach to promote individual behaviour change. Health Technol Assess. 2002;6(24)1-242.
(Online Source, PDF)

Roter DL, Hall JA, Aoki Y. Physician gender effects in medical communication: a meta-analytic review. JAMA. 2002;288(6):756-64.
(Online Source, separate analysis for OB-GYN settings)

Roter DL, Hall JA, Merisca R, Nordstrom B, Cretin D, Svarstad B. Effectiveness of interventions to improve patient compliance: a meta-analysis. Med Care. 1998;36(8):1138-61.

Ryan M, Scott DA, Reeves C, Bate A, van Teijlingen ER, Russell EM, Napper M, Robb CM. Eliciting public preferences for healthcare: a systematic review of techniques. Health Technol Assess. 2001;5(5):1-186.
(Online Source, PDF)

Waterman H, Tillen D, Dickson R, de Koning K. Action research: a systematic review and guidance for assessment. Health Technol Assess. 2001;5(23):1-166.
(Online Source, PDF)

Other Policy and Practice Reports

American Institutes for Research. The communication toolkit: using information to get high quality care.

(Online Source)

Carman KL, Maurer M, Yegian JM et al. Evidence that consumers are skeptical about evidence-based health care. Health Aff 2010;29(7):1400-06.

Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine. Pictographs/icon arrays.
(Online Source)

Coulter A, Collins A. Making shared decision-making a reality: No decision about me, without me. London, U.K.: The King’s Fund; 2011.
(Online Source)

National Survey of Medical Decisions (DECISIONS) study [special issue]. Med Decis Making 2010;30(5 supplement):1S-114S.

Enabling health care decisionmaking through clinical decision support and knowledge management. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in press.

Faber M, Bosch M, Wollersheim H et al. Public reporting in health care: how do consumers use quality-of-care information? Med Care 2009;47(1):1-8.

Fischhoff B, Brewer NT, Downs JS. Communicating risk and benefit: An evidence-based user guide. Washington, DC: Food and Drug Administration; 2011.
(Online Source)

Gigerenzer G, Gaissmaier W, Kurz-Milcke E et al. Helping doctors and patients make sense of health statistics. Psychol Sci Public Interest 2007;8(2):53-96.

Ginsburg M, Glasmire K, Center for Healthcare Decisions. Consumers’ priorities for hospital quality improvement and implications for public reporting. Oakland, CA: California Healthcare Foundation, April 2011.
(Online Source)

Kurz-Milcke E Gigerenzer G, Martignon L. Transparency in risk communication: graphical and analog tools. Ann NY Acad Sci 2008;1128:18-28.

Hasley SK. Decision support and patient safety: The time has come. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011. Article in press.
(Online Source)

Hibbard JH. Using systematic measurement to target consumer activation strategies. Med Care Res Rev 2009;66(1 supplement):9S-27S.

Hibbard JH. What can we say about the impact of public reporting? Inconsistent execution yields variable results. Ann Int Med 2008;148(2):160-61.

Hibbard JH, Greene J, Daniel D. What is quality anyway? Performance reports that clearly communicate to consumers the meaning of quality of care. Med Care Res Rev 2010;67(3):275-93.

Hibbard JH, Peters E. Supporting informed consumer health care decisions: data presentation approaches that facilitate the use of information in choice. Annu Rev Public Health 2003;24:413-33.

Hibbard JH, Sofaer S, Jewett JJ. Condition-specific performance information: assessing salience, comprehension, and approaches for communicating quality. Health Care Financing Rev 1996;18(1):95-109.

Hollinghurst S, Emmett C, Peters TJ et al. Economic evaluation of the DiAMOND randomized trial: cost and outcomes of 2 decision aids for mode of delivery among women with a previous cesarean section. Med Decis Making 2010;30(4):453-63.

King JS, Eckman MH, Moulton BW. The potential of shard decision making to reduce health disparities. J Law Med Ethics 2011;39(1 supplement): 30-33.

National Health Service, United Kingdom. INVOLVE: supporting public involvement in NGS, public health and social care research.
(Online Source)

National Partnership for Women and Families. How to leverage community partnerships. Washington, DC. Aligning Forces for Quality; 2012. (Online Source)

O’Connor AM, Bennett CL, Stacey D et al. Decision aids for people facing health treatment or screening decisions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009(3):CD001431.
(Online Source, abstract and summary)

O’Connor AM, Jacobsen MJ, Stacey D. An evidence-based approach to managing women’s decisional conflict. J Obstet Gynecol Neonat Nurs 2002;31(5):570-81.

O’Connor AM, Wennberg JE, Legare F et al. Toward the ‘tipping point’: decisions aids and informed patient choice. Health Aff 2007;26(3):716-25.

Osheroff JE, Teich JM, Middleton BF et al. A roadmap for national action on clinical decision support. American Medical Informatics Association, June 2006.
(Online Source)

Paget L, Han P, Nedza S, et al. Patient-clinician communication: Basic principles and expectations. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine; 2011.
(Online Source, PDF)

Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative. Clinical decision support in the medical home: an overview. Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative.
(Online Source)

Peters E, Dieckmann N, Dixon A et al. Less is more in presenting quality information to consumers. Med Care Res Rev 2007;64(2):169-90.

Raats CJ, van Veenendaal H, Versluijs MM et al. A generic tool for development of decision aids based on clinical practice guidelines. Patient Educ Couns 2008;73(3):413-17.

Sepucha K, Mulley AG. A perspective on the patient’s role in treatment decisions. Med Care Res Rev 2009;66(1 supplement):53S-74S.

Shared decision making: vision to reality [special issue]. Health Expect 2011;14(supplement s1):1-110.

Scope, content and availability of health professions education

Knowledge in Systematic Reviews

Bloom BS. Effects of continuing medical education on improving physician clinical care and patient health: a review of systematic reviews. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2005;21(3):380-5.

Coomarasamy A, Khan KS. What is the evidence that postgraduate teaching in evidence based medicine changes anything? A systematic review. BMJ. 2004;329(7473):1017.
(Online Source)

Coomarasamy A, Taylor R, Khan KS. A systematic review of postgraduate teaching in evidence-based medicine and critical appraisal. Med Teach. 2003;25(1):77-81.

Farmer AP, Légaré F, Turcot L, Grimshaw J, Harvey E, McGowan JL, Wolf F. Printed educational materials: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Forsetlund L, Bjørndal A, Rashidian A, Jamtvedt G, O’Brien MA, Wolf F, Davis D, Odgaard-Jensen J, Oxman AD. Continuing education meetings and workshops: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009, Issue 2.
(Online Source, summary)

Littlewood S, Ypinazar V, Margolis SA, Scherpbier A, Spencer J, Dornan T. Early practical experience and the social responsiveness of clinical education: systematic review. BMJ. 2005;331(7513):387-91.
(Online Source)

Windish DM, Reed DA, Boonyasai RT, Chakraborti C, Bass EB. Methodological rigor of quality improvement curricula for physician trainees: a systematic review and recommendations for change. Acad Med. 2009;84 (12): 1677-1692.
(Online Source, PDF)

Other Policy and Practice Reports

Chuang AW, Nuthalapaty FS, Casey PM et al. for Undergraduate  Medical Education Committee, Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics. To the point: reviews in medical edcucation — taking control of the hidden curriculum. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2010;203(4):316.e1-6.

Dawes M, Summerskill W, Glasziou P et al. Sicily statement on evidence-based practice. BMC Med Educ 2005;5:1:1-7.
(Online Source)

Frenk J, Chen L, Bhutta ZA et al. Health professionals for a new century: transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world. Lancet 2010;376(9756):1923-58. (With: Supplementary webappendix.)

Hackbarth G, Boccuti C. Transforming graduate medical education to improve health care value. New Engl J Med 2011;364(8):693-95.
(Online Source)

Lucian Leape Institute Roundtable on Reforming Medical Education. Unmet needs: teaching physicians to provide safe patient care. Boston: National Patient Safety Foundation, 2010.
(Online Source)

Patel MS, Davis MM, Lypson ML. Advancing medical education by teaching health policy. New Engl J Med 2011;364(8):695-97.
(Online Source)

Pingleton SK, David DA, Dickler RM. Characteristicsw of quality and patient safety curricula in major teaching hospitals. Am J Med Quali, 2010;25(4):305-11.

Saxell L, Harris S, Elarar L. The Collaboration for Maternal and Newborn Health: interprofessional maternity care education for medical, midwifery, and nursing students. J Midwifery Womens Health 2009;54(4):314-20.

Taleff J, Salstrom J, Newton ER. Pioneering a universal curriculum: a look at six disciplines involved in women’s health care. J Midwifery Womens Health 2009;54(4):306-13.

Workforce composition and distribution

Knowledge in Systematic Reviews

Brown SA, Grimes DE. A meta-analysis of nurse practitioners and nurse midwives in primary care. Nurs Res. 1995;44(6):332-39.

Hatem M, Sandall J, Devane D, Soltani H, Gates S. Midwife-led versus other models of care for childbearing women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008, Issue 4.
(Online Source)

Humphreys A, Johnson S, Richardson J. Stenhouse E. Watkins M. A systematic review and meta-synthesis: evaluating the effectiveness of nurse, midwife/allied health professional consultants. J Clin Nurs. 2007;16(10):1792-808.

Khan-Neelfur D, Gülmezoglu M, Villar J. WHO Antenatal Care Trial Research Group. Who should provide routine antenatal care for low-risk women, and how often? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 1998;12 (Suppl 2):7-26.

Laurant M, Reeves D, Hermens R, Braspenning J, Grol R, Sibbald B. Substitution of doctors by nurses in primary care. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005, Issue 2.
(Online Source, summary)

Lewin S, Munabi-Babigumira S, Glenton C, Daniels K, Bosch-Capblanch X, van Wyk BE, Odgaard-Jensen J, Johansen M, Aja GN, Zwarenstein M, Scheel IB. Lay health workers in primary and community health care for maternal and child health and the management of infectious diseases. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Müller-Staub M, Lavin MA, Needham I, van Achterberg T. Nursing diagnoses, interventions and outcomes — application and impact on nursing practice: systematic review. J Adv Nurs. 2006;56(5):514-31.

Waldenstrom U, Turnbull D. A systematic review comparing continuity of midwifery care with standard maternity services. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998;105(11):1160-70.
(Online Source)

Other Policy and Practice Reports

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Health center expansion and recruitment survey 2004: results by Health and Human Services regions and health center geography. University of Washington Rural Health Research Center and Center for Health Workforce Studies, March 2007.
(Online Source)

Association of Academic Health Centers. Out of order, out of time: the state of the nation’s workforce. Washington DC: AACH, 2008.
(Online Source, PDF)

Association of American Medical Colleges, Center for Workforce Studies. 2008 physician specialty data.Washington DC: AAMC, November 2008.
(Online Source, PDF)

Association of American Medical Colleges. Diversity in the physician workforce: facts & figures 2010. Washington DC: AAMC, 2010.
(Online Source)

Association of Family Medicine Residency Directors. Maternity care in family medicine: a time for dialogue. Ann Fam Med 2007;5(2):184-85.
(Online Source)

Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics and The Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Comprehensive Women’s Health Care: A Career in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2005.
(Online Source)

Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nursing. Guidelines for professional registered nurse staffing for perinatal units. Washington DC: AWHONN, 2010.

Bienstock JL, Laube DW. The recruitment phoenix: strategies for attracting medical students into obstetrics and gynecology. Obstet Gynecol 2005;105(5 part 1):1125-27.

Chen FM, Huntington J, Kim S et al. Prepared but not practicing: declining pregnancy care among recent family medicine residency graduates. Fam Med 2006;38(6):423-26.

Cusson RM, Buus-Frank ME, Flanagan VA et al. A survey of the current neonatal nurse practitioner workforce. J Perinatol 2008;28(12):830-6.

Declercq ER, Paine LL, Simmes DR et al. State regulation, payment policies, and nurse-midwife services. Health Aff 1998;17(2):190-200.
(Online Source)

Fang YM, Egan JF, Rombro T et al. A comparison of reasons for choosing obstetrician/gynecologist subspecialty training. Conn Med 2009;73(3):165-70.

Freed GL, Dunham KM, Lamarand KE et al. Neonatal nurse practitioners: distribution, roles and scope of practice. Pediatrics 2010;126(5):856-60.

Funk C, Anderson BL, Schulkin J et al. Survey of obstetric and gynecologic hospitalists and laborists. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2010;203(2):177.e1-4.

Gussman D. Hospitalists review essay.
(Online Source)

Helton M Skinner B, Denniston C. A maternal and child health curriculum for family practice residents: results of an intervention at the University of North Carolina. Fam Med 2003;35(3):174-80.

McAlister RP, Andriole DA, Brotherton SE et al. Are entering obstetrics/gynecology residents more similar to the entering primary care or surgery resident workforce? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2007;197(5):536.e1-6.

Morgan R. Summary of the health workforce provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Washington DC: National Conference of State Legislatures, March 2010.
(Online Source)

Needleman J, Minnick AF. Anesthesia provider model, hospital resources, and maternal outcomes. Health Serv Res 2009;44(2 part 1):464-82.

North American Registry of Midwives, Midwifery Education Accreditation Council, National Association of Certified Professional Midwives, Midwives Alliance of North America. Certified professional midwives in the United States: an issue brief. June 2008.
(Online Source)

Salsberg E. Plans for HRSA’s new National Center Health Workforce Analysis. Health Workforce News February 2011.
(Online Source)

Zhao L. Why are fewer hospitals in the delivery business? Bethesda MD: The Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis, NORC, April 2007.
(Online Source, PDF)

Development and use of health information technology

Knowledge in Systematic Reviews

Bennett JW, Glasziou PP. Computerised reminders and feedback in medication management: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Med J Aust. 2003;178(5):217-22.
(Online Source)

Bessell TL, McDonald S, Silagy CA, Anderson JN, Hiller JE, Sansom LN. Do internet interventions for consumers cause more harm than good? A systematic review. Health Expect. 2002:5(1):28-37.
(Online Source, PDF)

Durieux P, Trinquart L, Colombet I, Niès J, Walton R, Rajeswaran A, Rège-Walther M, Harvey E, Burnand B. Computerized advice on drug dosage to improve prescribing practice. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008, Issue 3.
(Online Source, summary)

Eysenbach G. Towards ethical guidelines for dealing with unsolicited patient emails and giving advice in the absence of a pre-existing patient-physician relationship: systematic review and expert survey. J Med Internet Res. 2000;2(1):e1.
(Online Source)

Eysenbach G, Powell J, Englesakis M, Rizo C, Stern A. Health related virtual communities and electronic support groups: systematic review of the effects of online peer to peer interactions. BMJ. 2004;328(7449):1166.
(Online Source)

Eysenbach G, Powell J, Kuss O, Sa E-R. Empirical studies assessing the quality of health information for consumers on the World Wide Web: a systematic review. JAMA. 2002;287(20):2691-2700.
(Online Source, with tables)

Garg AX, Adhikari NKJ, McDonald H, Rosas-Arellano MP, Devereaux PJ, Beyene J, Sam J, Haynes RB. Effects of computerized clinical decision support systems on practitioner performance and patient outcomes. JAMA. 2005;293(10):1223-38.
(Online Source)

Murray E, Burns J, See Tai S, Lai R, Nazareth I. Interactive health communication applications for people with chronic disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005, Issue 4.
(Online Source, summary)

Poissant L, Pereira J, Tamblyn R, Kawasumi Y. The impact of electronic health records on time efficiency of physicians and nurses: a systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2005;12(5): 505–516.
(Online Source)

Samoocha D, Bruinvels DJ, Elbers NA, Anema JR, van der Beek AJ. Effectiveness of web-based interventions on patient empowerment: a systematic review and meta-analyses. J Med Internet Res. 2010;12(2):e23
(Online Source)

Urquhart C, Currell R, Grant MJ, Hardiker NR. Nursing record systems: effects on nursing practice and healthcare outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009, Issue 1.
(Online Source, summary)

Van De Belt TH, Engelen L, Berben S, Schoonhoven L. Definition of health 2.0 and medicine 2.0: a systematic review. J Med Internet Res. 2010;12(2);e18.
(Online Source)

Webb T, Joseph J, Yardley L, Michie S. Using the internet to promote health behavior change: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of theoretical basis, use of behavior change techniques, and mode of delivery on efficacy. J Med Internet Res. 2010;12(1):e4.
(Online Source)

Weir CR, Staggers N. Phansalkar S. The state of the evidence for computerized provider order entry: a systematic review and analysis of the quality of the literature. Int J Med Inform. 2009;78(6):365-74.

Other Policy and Practice Reports

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. AHRQ national resource center: health information technology.
(Online Source)

Alliance for Health Reform. A reporter’s toolkit: health information technology.
(Online Source)

California HealthCare Foundation. Health IT.
(Online Source)

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Medicare and Medicaid electronic health records (EHR) incentive programs.
(Online Source)

Chan KS, Bowles JB, Weiner JP. Electronic health records and the reliability and validity of quality measures: a review of the literature. Med Care Res Rev 2010;67(5):502-27.

Hospitals in Pursuit of Excellence. Health information technology.
(Online Source)

Jha AK, DesRoches CM, Kralovec PD et al. A progress report on electronic health records in U.S. hospitals. Health Aff 2010;29(10):1951-57.

Kaiser Family Foundation. Health information technology.
(Online Source)

Markle. Advancing health in a connected world.
(Online Source)

National Partnership for Women and Families. Health information technology.
(Online Source)

Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative. Meaningful connections: a resource guide for using health IT to support the patient centered medical home. Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, 2009.
(Online Source)

Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, Patient Engagement Task Force. Health IT in the patient-centered medical home. Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative, October 2010.
(Online Source)

Smith LL Berry D. Partering with technology to reduce OB losses. J Healthc Risk Manag 2007;27(4):25-30.